Theme II Policy/Law on Animal Use, Public Engagement and Ethics Review
II-1
Public accountability

This session will explore how the public can be better informed on the scientific, welfare and ethical issues relating to animal use in research and testing and will discuss some of the recent and ongoing initiatives to engage the public in decision making on this issue.

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II-2
Ethics review

This session will discuss how to develop the work of ethics/ethical review/animal care and use committees, and explore the various methodologies, including training, currently used by different ethics committees.

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II-3
Public law - the Three Rs in regulation addressing animal use

This session will explore the national and regional regulations, including codes of practice, that exist to regulate adverse effects in research animals. It will examine the implementation process of accepted alternatives in industry and academia, as well as the latest legislative developments; and new policy goals.

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II-4
Implementing the Three Rs - alternatives to legislation

This session discusses the roles and responsibilities assumed by national Three Rs centres, professional scientific organisations, international bodies, and various 'peer' review processes in progressing the implementation of the Three Rs. It will also explore methods of generating the 'right attitude' or behaviours toward animal welfare, ethics and the Three Rs and how Three Rs efforts can be spread globally.

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II-5
Validation of Three Rs alternative methods

This session will discuss how requirements in national laws and international policies for the validation of new safety testing methods have been successfully addressed. The session will also discuss improved approaches to validation of test methods, including 21st century toxicology testing and post-approval validation issues.

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II-6
Setting limits and resolving conflicts between the Rs

This session will explore the theory of the hierarchy of animals with respect to sentience and use case studies to examine setting limits on pain severity, balancing reduction and refinement, as well as the responsible re-use of animals.

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II-7
Additional Session: The role of partnerships in advancing the Three Rs: together it's possible!

Panelists in this session will present case studies of successful partnerships that have generated science-based breakthroughs in the 3Rs with an eye not only toward business needs (i.e., affordability) but credibility and acceptance by the research community.

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II-8
Additional Session: Science and politics in food safety assessment and their impact on experimental animal use

The EU has the most stringent food safety policy in the world; nonetheless, at least weekly some sort of a food hazard warning appears in the newspapers. Groups opposing GMOs in food use quasi-scientific arguments to call for more and extensive animal testing. In addition, professional lobbyists against artificial sweeteners, particularly aspartame, are bombarding the internet with anecdotal evidence of the alleged carcinogenic effects of this world-wide-considered-as-safe sweetener. This session discusses the challenges in pushing for scientific justification of using animals to test our food.

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II-9
Additional Session: The EPAA, a model for private-public partnerships supporting the advancement of Three R approaches

The European Partnership for Alternative Approaches was launched in 2005 as a public-private partnership between the European Commission and industry from 7 sectors, all committed to the promotion of alternatives approaches in the context of regulatory testing. Initially set up for a five year period, in 2010 industry and the European Commission agreed to continue their cooperation through this unique partnership. Representatives of the EPAA propose to share their experience on this innovative way of cooperation between industry and authorities with the involvement of NGOs and academia, highlighting both the potential and limits of the EPAA.

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II-10
Additional Session II-10: Role of international bodies in spreading Three Rs efforts globally

This session will explore the role played by international organizations such as the International Council for Laboratory Science (ICLAS), the Organization Epizootes (OIE) and the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) in promotion and implementation of the Three Rs.

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II-11
Additional Session II-11: The International cooperation on alternative test methods (ICATM)

The ICATM organizations work collaboratively to promote the validation and regulatory acceptance of new, revised, and alternative test methods that are based on sound science and that will provide continued or improved protection of people, animals, and the environment while reducing, refining, and replacing the use of animals where scientifically feasible. This session will provide an overview of each participating validation organization and highlights of recent and planned ICATM contributions.

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